Ammonia Production Processes from Energy and Emissions Perspectives: A Technical Brief
Ammonia is a key chemical produced at large volumes to meet vast global demands for products such as fertilisers. Its production underpins the modern agricultural sector and also contributes to the manufacturing of textiles, pharmaceuticals, and cleaning products. Ammonia plays a key role in the global economy, but this is not without cost to the planet. Its production also requires large amounts of energy and releases significant quantities of greenhouse gases.
This brief (downloadable below) includes technical descriptions of the main ammonia production technologies to build understanding of the current production pathways, the associated energy usage, their process emissions statuses, and the potentials for sustainable ammonia production.
It provides an accessible reference with key information and process data for the public, policy makers, and in particular modellers who need to know the essential basics of ammonia production processes for process energy and material modeling/analysis purposes. To this aim, this brief covers key aspects as below:
- Overview of the global/regional ammonia production including quantities, major production
technologies and feedstocks
- Detailed description of the production technologies and involved unit processes
- Mass and energy analysis of each unit process
- Overall performance of commercial ammonia plants including energy and emission intensities from different production technologies
- Major low-carbon technologies for ammonia production including the details about technology status, performance, and production cost.